Muhammad Buhari is a Nigerian politician, and the current President of Nigeria (2019). This is a complete breakdown of the early life, military path, net worth, and lifestyle of President Muhammadu Buhari.
Muhammadu Buhari’s Biography
Muhammadu Buhari was born on the 17th of December, 1942 in Daura, Katsina State, Nigeria.
He’s a Fulani man, and his father was known as Hardo Adamu (a Fulani), and his mother, Zulaihat (whom his first daughter was named after).
At age four, he lost his father, and was singlehandedly raised by his mother.
They were a lot in his family, and he is the twenty-third child born into the family.
Buhari obtained primary school education in Daura and Mai’adua.
Soon, he began attending the Katsina Model School in year 1953.
He later attended the Katsina Provincial Secondary School which is now known as the Government College Katsina.
He rounded off his secondary schooling in 1961, obtaining his school leaving certificate from the now Government College Katsina in Katsina State.
In 1962, at the age of 19 years, Buhari enrolled in the Nigerian Military Training College (NMTC) which was later renamed the Nigerian Defence Academy after its upgrade to an officer commissioning unit of the Nigerian Army in 1964.
Before its upgrade, cadets who completed their training to Commonwealth Military Academies where they would eventually continue their officer cadet training.
Buhari received training as an officer cadet at Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot, England. In 1963, he was already 20 years of age.
Buhari was appointed Platoon Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Nigeria.
He was also commissioned a second lieutenant.
In the space of two months (November 1963 – January 1964), he undertook the Platoon Commanders’ Course at the Nigerian Military Training College, Kaduna.
In 1964, Buhari understudied the Mechanical Transport Officer’s Course at the Army Mechanical Transport School in Borden, United Kingdom.
Buhari, as a young military officer was appointed brigade major, Second Sector, First Infantry Division from April 1967 to July 1967.
He served as commander of the Second Infantry Battalion from 1965 to 1967.
July 28th Rematch/Counter Coup
In July 1966, Buhari was involved the rematch that was led by Lt-Col Murtala Muhammed.
It was called a rematch because it was a clap-back to the January 15 coup by majority of Igbo officials headed by Major Chukwuma Kaduna.
It is tagged the July Rematch, and it overthrew and assassinated General Aguiyi Ironsi who was Nigeria’s first self-appointed Military Head of State.
Aguiyi Ironsi assumed office after a failed coup on the 15th of January, 1966 that took down the first republic of Nigeria (terminated the elected parliamentary government of Nigeria).
Other military officers who was involved in the July Rematch included Major Theophilus Danjuma, 2nd Lieutenant Sani Abacha, Lieutenant Ibrahim Bako, Lieutenant Ibrahim Babangida, and others.
The January coup led by Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu disrupted and overthrew the government of Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa which was democratically elected.
Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Ahmadu Bello (Northern Regional Premier), Brigadier Zakariya Maimalari, Colonel Kur Mohammed, Lt-Cols Abogo Largema and James Pam were all assassinated in the January coup, and this triggered anger in the hearts of several northern soldiers.
The Rematch led to the assassination of several Igbo officers which included the Military Head Of State General Aguiyi Ironsi, and the Military Governor of the Western Region, Lt Colonel Adekunle Fajuyi.
The Civil War/Biafra
Buhari was placed under the command and leadership of Lt. Col Mohammed Shuwa in the 1st Division.
During the start of the civil war, the 1st Division had relocated from Kaduna to Makurdi.
The 1st Division was splited into Sectors and Battalions with commanders Martin Adamu and Sule Apollo assisting Lt. Col Mohammed Shuwa.
Later on Sule Apollo was replaced by Theophilus Danjuma, and Buhari was assigned as an Adjutant and Company Commander 2 battalion unit, Second Sector Infantry of the 1st Division.
One of the battalions that waged the war at a start was the 2 battalion.
With aid from Gado Nasko’s artillery squad, they moved from Gakem near Afikpo and moved towards Ogoja.
Within a week, the 2 battalion was able to reclaim Ogoja, and had the objective to advance into the capital and heart of the war, Enugu.
Buhari led the 2 battalion as a Commander to Afikpo to meet up with the 3rd Marine Commando and move into Enugu through Nkalagu and Abakaliki.
Before they would advance into Enugu, Buhari was transferred to Brigade Major of the 3rd Infantry Brigade under Joshua Gin.
Eventually, and the war unfolded in full wrath, Joshua Gin grew exhausted and was replaced by Isa Bukar.
Buhari remained with the infantry for months while the Nigerian Army developed new strategies to glide over the war and to gain victory.
The used the captured towns to train recruits, and developed a new tactics of securing and maintaining communication lines.
New recruits were sent in from the army depots in Zaria and Abeokuta, all of whom were trained in the recaptured towns by the Nigerian army.
In 1968, Buhari was transferred to the Akwa Sector (known as the 4 Sector).
The 4 Sector was given the duty to replace the Division 2 which was in control of the captured Onitsha.
They operated around the Awka-Abagana-Onitsha areas which was a vital point of food supply for the Biafrans and the military forces.
In attempts to counter the food supply of the Biafrans in the areas of Oji River and Abagana, several Nigerian army in Buhari’s sector suffered casualties, and it seemed like they were on the losing side as the rebels would never allow their food supply to get cut out.
Positions Held After the War
Buhari srerved as the Brigade Major/Commandant, Thirty-first Infantry Brigade from year 1970 to 1971.
From year 1971 to 1972, he served as Assistant Adjutant-General, First Infantry Division Headquarters and in 1973, he undertook training at the Defence Services Staff College, Wellington, India.
He served as the Acting Director of Transport and Supply at the Nigerian Army Corps of Supply and Transport Headquarters in 1974 and stepped down in 1975 from this office.
Buhari also served in other offices and undertook roles including General Officer Commanding, 3rd Armed Division Nigerian Army from October 1981 to December 1983, General Officer Commanding, 4th Infantry Division, from August 1980 to January 1981, and General Officer Commanding, 2nd Mechanised Infantry Division, from January 1981 to October 1981.
Involvement in July 1975 Coup d’etat
In July 1975, Buhari who was a Lieutenant Colonel at that time was part of the coup headed by Colonels Abdulahi Mohammed, Ibrahim Taiwo, Anthony Ochefu, Joseph Garba, Lieutenant Colonels Ibrahim Babangida, Shehu Musa Yar’Adua, and Alfred Aduloju that terminated the government of then Head of State, General Yakubu Gowon.
Governor of Northeastern State, and Division of the State into Bauchi, Borno, Yola, Gombe, Adamawa, and Gongola States.
Muhammadu Buhari was appointed by the General Murtala Mohammed as the Governor of the North-Eastern State on the 1st of August 1975.
He lasted in office from August 1975, to the 3rd of February, 1976, and supervised the economic, social, and political activities in the State.
In a stint of one month, he served as Governor of Borno State.
He lasted as the Governor of Borno State from 3rd February 1976 to 15 March, 1976 which is barely over a month.
Before February 1976, there was no Borno State, or Yobe, or Gongola State – they were all referred to as the Northeastern State.
On the 3rd of February 1976, the Northeastern State was broken into Borno, Bauchi, and Gongola States.
Yobe was later gotten from Borno State, and Taraba and Adamawa States were gotten from Gongola State in August 1991.
Bauchi State was broken into two part, Bauchi, and a new State, Gombe State in October, 1996.
Buhari as the Federal Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources (NNPC Loses $2.8B)
After climbing up from the military times of Nigeria to it’s democratic times, he was appointed the Federal Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources.
This position is known today as the Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources.
From 1977 to 1978, he held to position of the Chairman of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
In the deep of Buhari’s tenure as the Federal Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources, $2.8 billion dollars was allegedly displaced from NNPC’s account in Midlands Bank, United Kingdom.
On this massive financial misconduct under Buhari’s tenure, he was held responsible by the Former President Ibrahim Babangida.
The Crude Oil Sales Tribunal of Inquiry headed by Justice Ayo Irikefe investigated the situation, and found no truth to the allegation, although a few abnormal financial transactions were found to be associated with the account of NNPC.
During the reign of Buhari as the Federal Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources, the government built 21 storage depots for petroleum from Lagos to Maidugiuri, and from Calabar to Gusau.
They connected Bonny terminal and the Port Harcourt refinery to the depots through pipelines, and invested heavily in the construction and maintenance of pipelines.
Also during his tenure in the office of the Federal Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources, the signed a contract to construct a refinery in Kaduna State, and construct a pipeline that would link Escravos oil terminal to Kaduna State refinery and the refinery in Warri.
Training at the US Army War College in Carlisle
Buhari was a member of the Supreme Military Council and was Military Secretary at the Army Headquarters from 1978 to 1979.
In 1980, he attended the US Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States, and was awarded a Masters degree in Strategic Studies at the end of the programme.
Attack from Chadian Military Forces
When the Chadian military forbes attacked Borno State of Nigeria in 1983 Buhari countered the Chadian force with the Nigerian military forces under his command.
With his instruction, the Chadian forces were subdued and driven out of the country.
During the attack, President Shagari ordered that the Nigerian military stood down, but Buhari, instead of withdrawing as ordered by the President, fought back and was able to chase off the forces form Chad.
The Chadian attack in Borno State led to over 100 casualties.
Buhari’s 3-Year Detention in Benin City (1983 Coup)
In August 1985, he was overthrown by a coup headed by General Ibrahim Babangida and members of the Supreme Military Council (SMC).
At this time, Babangida raised several critics of Buhari and placed them in positions during his administration.
Buhari was powerless, and detained in Benin City, Edo State until 1988.
According to Ibrahim Babangida, Buhari had failed to solve the problems of the country, and that’s the reason he initiated the coup.
He further added that it is in his power to rejuvenate the economy that has suffered in the hands of past leaders and corrupt government.
Buhari was visited in a small bungalow by his family members with the permission of Babangida.
He was there for three years, and his family members took over his farm work.
Life as a Civilian
After Buhari lost his mother, he went into farming following his release in December 1988.
In the same year, he divorced his wife Safinatu and got married to a second wife Aisha Halilu.
Eventually, Buhari became the chairman of a body established to encourage the development of Katsina State both socially and economically – Katsina Foundation.
2003 Presidential Elections
In 2003, Buhari was chosen as the candidate of All Nigeria People’s Party (ANPP) in the presidential election.
He lost the election to People’s Democratic Party’s candidate, Olusegun Obasanjo who defeated him with a gap of over 11 million in votes.
April 2007 Presidential Elections
On the 18th of December 2006, Buhari was elected the presidential candidate for his party All Nigeria People’s Party (ANPP).
His primary opponent was PDP’s Umaru Yar’Adua (of blessed memory) in the April 2007 poll.
Umaru Yar’Adua and Buhari were from the same State, Katsina.
In the end of the elections, Umaru Yar’Adua got 70% of the votes, and Buhari got 18%.
Buhari’s party suggested the joining of Umaru Yar’Adua’s government after he took power, but Buhari opposed.
April 2011 Presidential Elections
In March 2010, Buhari left the ANPP political party, and decamped to the party he helped found, the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC).
According to Buhari, the CPC was a solution to the ideological and ethnical conflicts associated with his former party, ANPP.
On the 16th of April, 2011, Buhari represented the CPC political party as the presidential candidate up against ANPP’s Ibrahim Shekaru, PDP’s Goodluck Jonathan, and ACN (Action Congress of Nigeria)’s Mallam Nuhu Ribadu – four of whom were the main candidates of 20.
The election was tagged one of the most violent elections in the history of Nigeria as it lead to the lost of lives of about 800 people due to the inflammatory comments by Buhari.
Although violent, it was fair, and described as one of the fairest elections in the history of Nigeria by the Human Rights Watch.
Buhari disagreed that the election was rigged and poll flawed.
He made a resounding statement that the dogs and baboons will be bathed in blood if the activity of flawing poll and rigging in his disfavour should occur in the next election, which would be in 2015.
Buhari had a total of 12,214,853 votes after the election, and Goodluck Jonathan had 22,495,187 votes as the winner of the general elections.
Although he lost to the PDP candidate, his opposition and intention to fight corruption in Nigeria kept him in the hearts of millions.
The 2015 Presidential Elections
Before the 2015 general elections the campaign team of Goodluck Jonathan, who then was the incumbent president, asked for the disqualification of Buhari because he failed to meet to prerequisites for contesting in a election.
General Buhari had failed to submit any academic certificate which according to the election policies, demands that an individual must be in possession of at least, a leaving school certificate.
In response to this, he said that he lost his original certificates after he left power in 1985 and his home was raided.
He ran for the seat of the president in 2015 under the All Progressives Congress platform, and had successfully built an image of anti corruption to the public.
Buhari stated that if past corrupt leaders repented, he would not probe nor them, but would grant them amnesty.
He got the endorsement of The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) in January 2015, and the former Obama campaign manager, David Axelrod, alongside his AKPD consultancy advised the campaign of Buhari.
In February 2015, Buhari got the support of former Nigerian Military Head of State and Democratic president Olusegun Obasanjo who had quit the People’s Democratic Party platform.
On the 31st of March 2015, Buhari was shockingly congratulated by the incumbent president Goodluck Jonathan as the new president of Nigeria.
He was sworn in on the 29th of May, 2015.
The ceremony was graced by the attendance of several Heads of State and Government.
Removal of the Office of the First Lady of Nigeria
In December 2014, Buhari mentioned that the office of the First Lady of Nigeria was unconstitutional, and that he would scrap it if he was elected.
The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) applauded Buhari and further emphasized that the office of the first Lady was unconstitutional.
Till date, the office of the first Lady of Nigeria has not been abolished, Aisha Buhari is the first Lady of Nigeria.
Buhari and Sharia Law (Counter-Freedom of Religion)
Buhari previously supported the Sharia law actualization in the whole nation of Nigeria, and he stated back in 2001 that his support for the religious constitution and its initiation in Nigeria will ever be public and positive.
On the 4th of January, 2015, he stated that every Nigerian has the right to decided what religion he or she wants to belong.
He submitted to the idea of freedom of religion, and he stated that all his life, it has been his wish that all Nigerian serve God in their own way.
Adding to this, he mentioned that religion shouldn’t be used as a tool of division, to divide Nigerians.
He totally trashed the idea of Sharia, and thereby contradicting his speech on Sharia implementation in 2001.
Buhari and Boko Haram Insurgency
In 2012, the insurgents Boko Haram mentioned Buhari as one of the of the officials it would trust as a mediator between then and the Federal Government.
He however dishonoured the suggestion of Boko Haram in making him a trustee and mediator for them to the Nigerian government.
In 2013, Buhari stated in his speech to the Nigerian government, that the security of the nation is threatened by the Niger Delta Militants.
He however suggested a stop to the killings of Boko Haram members and that the reason terrorist insurgencies thrive in Nigeria is due to the rise of the Niger Delta militants in the Southern part of Nigeria.
He also remained the Federal government that Niger Delta militants are treated specially under the amnesty programme, and they’re being given around $500 million dollars a year while the houses and families of Boko Haram members are burnt and killed.
In May 2014, Buhari castigated the Boko Haram insurgents, calling them mindless bigots coming out as Muslims.
This was just at the onset of the kidnapping of the Chibok Girls.
Two months after publicly reprimanding the insurgents, they attacked him in Kaduna with a bomb which he escaped.
In the bomb attack, 82 people were killed.
In December 2014, Buhari pledged to propell the cause of peace and security in Nigeria if he emerges winner of the 14th February 2015 general elections.
The election was postponed to be held on the 28th of March, 2015.
Muhammadu Buhari had put the wipeout of Boko Haram insurgency a top priority in his campaign, and this increased the likelihood of him winning the elections.
Secondly, people frowned at the government of Goodluck Jonathan whom they thought was too weak to counter the terrorist group.
Buhari got married to his first wife Safinatu Yusuf in 1971.
She was the first Lady of Nigeria during his tenure from December 1983 to August 1985.
Safinatu Yusuf and Buhari had five children children before she died sadly in 2006. They had four girls and a boy.
Their first daughter was named Zulaihat – the daughter of Buhari that was named after the mother of Buhari.
Their daughter, Safinatu was also named after the first wife of Buhari (her mother).
The names of their children are Musa (late son), Hadiza, Fatima, Zulaihat, and Hadiza. In 1988, Safinatu Yusuf (Buhari’s first wife) and Buhari officially divorced.
In December the following year (1989), without hesitation, he married his current and second wife, Aisha Halilu.
As if planned, Buhari and his second wife also had five children – a boy and four girls. They’re Yusuf (the son), Halima, Amina, Zahra, and Aisha (named after her mother).
On the 14th of January, 2006, after being diagnosed of diabetes, she died fighting it and was buried at the Unguwar Rimi cemetery (as was ordered by Islam).
6 years later (in November, 2012), Buhari lost his first daughter Zulaihat to sickle cell anaemia after she put to bed at a Kaduna hospital.
Muhammadu Buhari’s Net Worth 2019 (Forbes)
Muhammadu Buhari has an estimated net worth of $300 million dollars.
As the president of the nation of Nigeria, he earns millions of naira from different political appointments and contracts each month.
That aside, the president of Nigeria is paid in millions, and due to the corrupt state of the country, the number one citizen of the country who happens to be the president automatically becomes a billionaire in office.
Muhammadu Buhari is no exception. Before he was sworn in as the president of Nigeria, he had N30 million naira in his personal bank account which he opened with Union Bank in Nigeria, two mud houses and another 5 exquisite houses in Daura, one plot of land in Kano, a plot of land in Port Harcourt.
Muhammadu Buhari also owned farmlands, 5 houses, 270 Cattles, 25 Sheeps, economic trees, birds, shares in Skye Bank, Union Bank, and Berger Paints.